Organization

 


Network of Care

South Central
Public Health District
1020 Washington St N
Twin Falls ID 83301-3156
(208) 737-5900


  

Immunization Recommendations for Adults

Immunizations are provided to adults in each public health office. These include overseas immunizations, pneumonia and influenza, and routine adult immunizations. Contact the public health office in your local community for information on charges, clinic times, or to obtain an appointment.

See the Immunization Schedule for Adults for more information.


Adults Should Be Vaccinated Against...

Some adults incorrectly assume that the vaccines they received as children will protect them for the rest of their lives. Generally this is true, except that:  

  • Some adults were never vaccinated as children.

  • More advanced vaccines were not available when some adults were children.

  • Immunity can begin to fade over time.

  • As we age, we become more susceptible to serious disease caused by common infections (i.e., influenza, pneumococcus).


Disease

How Spread

Symptoms

Possible Risks

*Given to people who have not had the disease

Chickenpox*

Airborne droplets from an infected person sneezing or coughing spread it.

Causes rash, fever, and tiredness.

Severe skin infection, scars, pneumonia, brain damage, and death.

Hepatitis A

Usually spread by the stool-to-mouth route. This most often occurs through contact with other people, but people may also get it from contaminated food or water.

Fever, fatigue, yellow skin and eyes, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and dark urine.

Severity of illness increases with age, but complete recovery without further complications is likely.

Hepatitis B

Spread through blood, saliva, semen and other body fluids.

Generally begins with mild symptoms that may or may not become severe. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, yellow skin and eyes, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and dark urine.

Liver disease, liver cancer, death.

Influenza

Spread by coughs and sneezes. Flu may sometimes be spread when a person touches a surface that has flu viruses on it – a door handle, for instance – and then touches his or her nose or mouth.

Fever and chills, dry cough, runny nose, body aches, headache, and sore throat.

Pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinus and ear infections are three examples of complications from flu.  The flu can make chronic health problems worse.

Measles*

Spread through coughs and sneezes.

Measles virus causes rash, runny nose, red watery eyes, cough, and fever.

Pneumonia, convulsions, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), death.

Mumps*

Spread through coughs and sneezes.

Mumps virus causes fever, headache, and swollen glands.

Painful swelling of the testicles and ovaries, encephalitis, meningitis (inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord), deafness.

Rubella*
(German measles)

Spread through coughs and sneezes.

Rubella virus causes rash, mild fever, swollen glands, and arthritis.

Pregnant women may have a miscarriage or stillbirth.

Pneumococcal
Disease

Spread through coughs and sneezes or through articles freshly soiled with discharges.

Pneumococcal pneumonia begins suddenly with severe chills, high fever, cough, and stabbing chest pains.

Death.

Tetanus
(Lockjaw)

Infection enters the body through a contaminated wound (either major or minor). It is not contagious from person to person. It is the only vaccine-preventable disease that is infectious, but not contagious.

Early signs include stiffness in the face and neck, headache, and irritability.

As the poison spreads, the jaw, neck, and limbs become locked in spasms. The stomach muscles grow rigid. Painful convulsions occur.

Diphtheria

Spread through coughs and sneezes.

In its early stages, diphtheria may be mistaken for a sore throat, coupled with fever and chills.

Diphtheria can lead to problems with breathing, abnormal heart rhythms, and paralysis of the vocal cords and limbs. It can lead to death.

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