Diabetes Prevention and Control
There are 26 million people in the United States (or 8.3% of the population) who have diabetes. Of that number, 7 million are unaware they have the disease. In addition, new studies suggest that another 79 million Americans have pre-diabetes (a precursor to type 2 diabetes).
Approximately 76,200, or 7% of Idaho adults, 18 years or older, report ever being told by a doctor that they have diabetes. About 8% of south central Idaho adults have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease that can lead to blindness, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, and amputations. It is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States.
Some people with diabetes have symptoms. If you have any
of the following symptoms, contact your doctor:
Blurry vision from time to time
Unusual tiredness or drowsiness
Unexplained weight loss
Diabetes can cause eye problems and may lead to blindness. People with diabetes have a higher risk of blindness than people without diabetes. Early detection and treatment of eye problems can save your sight.
It is important to see your eye professional at least once a year for a dilated eye exam. Only optometrists and ophthalmologists can detect the signs of retinopathy, which is damage to the blood vessels in the back of the eye. Only ophthalmologists can treat retinopathy.
People who have diabetes are vulnerable to nerve and vascular damage that can result in loss of protective sensation in the feet, poor circulation, and poor healing of foot ulcers.
All of these conditions contribute to the high amputation rate in people with diabetes, but early identification of foot problems and early intervention to prevent problems from worsening can avert many amputations.
It is recommended that people who have diabetes have their feet examined at least once a year by a trained health care professional.
Diabetes Information from the CDC